As the visual flows

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This seems to be an emerging pattern these days,



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Natyashastra calls Natyaveda a component of four vidha’s or aspects to create abhinaya. the Angika the body movements, the Vachika the spoken word, the satvika the emotional gradient, and finally aharya the costumes.

Kala academy had a workshop for its students on Angika abhinaya. since the students focus was on drama and not dance, we experimented with the concepts of Angahara, that is we start with a stanaka or the start movement, which is again starts with neutral, then we take the stance of the character, we then move on to the various walks, gaits, gestures until we have created our character. The various characters tell their story, with the help of the sutradhara.

Since panchatantra involved a narration with animals we opted for it.



the arrow of jambupati

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ImageAn interesting comparison.

Rama had only four arrows, each arrow would cleanse itself in the sarayu after use and return to Rama’s quiver. The arrow would manifest its use according to the need.

The arrow of Jambupati was poisonous and magical, it could transform into anything at all and no one could match its power.It always returned to the user.



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The ramacharita manas is a 400 year old text written by Gosai Tulasidas. This text is very rich because it has been compiled with the blending of literary and oral traditions.

The performance of Ramayana was based on oral traditions and not the parameters of Sanskrit drama. The first mention of a Rama based theme is in the Harivamsham, that was based on valmiki Ramayana

More popular forms came about from Mahanataka or Hanumanataka. This follows the tradition of Ramakatha again. Saradatanaya in his bhavaprakashana calls Mahanataka as samarga or the tradition that includes, music and dance. It is different in the sense it uses prakrit, dance, and music extensively in addition to philosophical rendering from Valmiki Ramayana. This was in the 10 -12th century. after which it faded.

The revival of Ramakatha has occurred again in the 14th century.